E-1 Treaty Trader Visa Requirements
The E-1 Treaty Trader visa may not be used as much as the E-2 Treaty Investor visa but if all the conditions are met it can be a useful visa category for small, medium and large companies who have significant trade with the US and need to have key staff in the US.
The E-1 Treaty Trader visa is a temporary US visa and the basic requirements for this visa are:
1. The foreign company trading with the US is owned or traded on the national stock exchange of a country that has a Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation or a Bilateral Investment Treaty or Free Trade Agreement with the United States. For a list of the treaty countries see the US Department of State website.
To demonstrate the nationality of a company at least 50 per cent of the company’s stock must be owned by nationals of the treaty country. US Lawful Permanent Residents who are nationals of the treaty country and own stock in the company may not be counted towards the total treaty country ownership for purposes of the E-1 visa.
2. The company has on-going substantial international trade with the United States and its foreign trade is principally between the treaty country and the United States.
Trade is defined as the existing international exchange of items of trade between the US and treaty country. The items traded include actual goods but also services, international banking, insurance monies, transportation, communications, data processing, accounting, design and engineering, management consulting, tourism, technology and its transfer, and some news-gathering activities.
For the company’s international trade to be principally between the United States and the treaty country, it should be at least more than 50 per cent of the total volume of international trade between the US and the treaty country. Domestic trade within the treaty country is not counted in calculating whether the amount of trade is principally between the US and treaty country.
The trade will be substantial if it is an amount of trade that is sufficient to insure a continuous flow of international trade between the US and the treaty country. It cannot be based on a single transaction, regardless of how protracted or monetarily valuable the trade.
E-1 Treaty Trader Employees
A great benefit of a company being approved for E-1 Treaty Trader visa status is that it may sponsor employees with the same nationality as the company to be transferred to the US as an E-1 Treaty Trader Employee. The employees must be going to the US to work in a managerial or executive capacity or have skills essential for the success of the business. The employees must show evidence of their duties while in the US and their previous experience in their field. Unlike the L-1 Intra-Company Transferee visa, E-1 Employees do not have a petition first approved in the United States before applying for an E-1 visa at the US Embassy or Consulate and they do not have to have been employed with the foreign company for at least one year. This could result in a significant time and money savings for the E-1 Treaty Trader company.
Initially this visa will be valid for 2-3 years and after that the visa will most likely be issued for the maximum period allowed for the applicant’s nationality. For example, British nationals may have the E-1 Treaty Trader visa issued for a maximum of five years at a time.
The above information is intended as a general over view and is not intended as legal advice.
Do you need the help of a US immigration lawyer?
To obtain advice about whether you may qualify for this type of visa please, please contact the Law Office of Janice Flynn at +44 (0)20 7092 6830 to book a consultation.